Surplus People: Then and Now
In the past, surplus populations produced by modernization (and that’s what modernization always does, it creates surplus people) were exported to the colonies.
Today there are no more physical spaces where the unwanted people rejected by modernization can be dumped. So instead, they are exported into the virtual world of the Internet and the fantasy world of drug addiction.
Drugs and screens are today what Canada and Australia were in the 19th century.