One thing we can do for ourselves that would be enormously beneficial is to learn to switch off the analogy-making machine in our heads.
A simple example. People miss crucial symptoms that could get them diagnosed early because they don’t perceive them as symptoms. They only notice the symptoms they observed or heard of before. Nothing outside of their experience registers.
This doesn’t mean that some analogies can’t be useful. But it’s a great idea to accept that there are many things in the world that are unlike anything we have experienced.